References

Lock, K. and C. Janssen. 2002. Ecotoxicity of nickel to Eisenia fetida, Enchytraeus albidus, and Folsomia candida. Chemosphere, Vol. 46, Issue 2, Pages 197-200.

Oorts, K.; Ghesquiere, U.; and E. Smolders. 2007. Leaching and aging decrease nickel toxicity to soil microbial processes in soils freshly spiked with nickel chloride. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 26, No. 6, Pages 1130-1138.

Oorts, K.; Ghesquiere, U.; Swinnen, K.; and E. Smolders. 2006. Soil properties affecting the toxicity of CuCl2 and NiCl2 for soil microbial processes in freshly spiked soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 25, No. 3, Pages 836-844.

Rooney, C.; Zhao, F.J.; and S. McGrath. 2007. Phytotoxicity of nickel in a range of European soils: Influence of soil properties, nickel solubility, and speciation. Environmental Pollution, Vol. 145, Issue 2, Pages 596-605.

Smolders, E.; Oorts, K.; Van Sprang, P.; Schoeters, I.; Janssen, C.; McGrath, S.; and M. McLaughlin. 2009. Toxicity of trace metals in soil as affected by soil type and aging after contamination: Using calibrated bioavailability models to set ecological soil standards. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 28, Issue 8, Pages 1633-1642.