Abbreviations & Acronyms

ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
BEI Biological Exposure Indices
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CHIP Chemical (Hazard Information and Packaging) Regulations    
cm2 Centimeter squared
COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
Disulfiram Tetraethylthiuram disulfide
Dithiocarb Diethyldithiocarbamate
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
EEC European Economic Community
EKAs Exposure equivalents for carcinogenic materials
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EU European Union
FeSO4 Iron sulfate
FEV1.0 Forced expiratory volume in one second
FVC Forced vital capacity
g Gram
H2SO4 Sulfuric acid
HEPA High efficiency particulate air
HSC Health and Safety Commission
HSE Health and Safety Executive
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
ICNCM International Committee on Nickel Carcinogenesis in Man
ILO International Labour Organization
IPCS International Programme on Chemical Safety
ISO International Organization for Standards
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
kg Kilogram
L Liter
LOAEL Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level
m3 Meter cubed
MAK Maximale Arbeitsplatzkonzentrationen
MEL Maximum Exposure Limit
mg Milligram
MOL Ministry of Labor
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
ng Nanogram
NiO Nickel oxide
Ni3S2 Nickel subsulfide
NiSO4 Nickel sulfate
NiSO4 • 6H2O Nickel sulfate hexahydrate
(Fe,Ni)1-xS Nickelferrous pyrrhotite
(Ni,Fe)9S8 Pentlandite
NiDI Nickel Development Institute
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NiPERA Nickel Producers Environmental Research Association
NOAEL No Observed Adverse Effect Level
NOHSC National Occupational Health and Safety Commission
NTP National Toxicology Program
OEL Occupational Exposure Limit
OES Occupational Exposure Standard
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSHAct Occupational Safety and Health Act
PAHs Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PEL Permissible Exposure Limit
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
SCBA Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
SMR Standardized Mortality Ratio
TRK Technische Richtkonzentrationen
TVL Threshold Limit Value
TWA Time-Weighted Average
TWAEC Time-Weighted Average Exposure Concentration
TWAEVs Time-Weighted Average Exposure Values
µg Microgram
µm Micron
µM Micromolar
U.K. United Kingdom
U.S. United States
WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
WHO World Health Organization
Wt% Weight Percent